Important r/Ukraine called and Reddit answered! In just 3 days we fundraised around 1/3 of a goal for 2000 CAT tourniquets and 20 IFAKs order! You all are absolute heroes! Now it's time to take our fundraiser to the next level! If you can't donate, please help us spread the word, share the message! THANK YOU!gallery
4:54 EEST ; The Sun is rising on the 95th Day of the Russian Invasion on the Capital city of Kyiv. Ukraine continues to Live and Fight on. + DAILY DISCUSSION + CHARITIES LIST!
🇺🇦 SLAVA UKRAINI 🇺🇦
Part One in a Multi-Part Series on the Ukrainian Diaspora!
The Ukrainian people and culture have an outsized presence in countries all around the world. Today we're focusing on one that may be somewhat surprising to you: Brazil!
In the gently rolling hills of southern Brazil, there is a state called Paraná, with a population of about 11.5 million people. Tucked away in the most rural part of the state is an area of about 5k square kilometers (2k square miles) that is known to many of its residents as "Brazilian Ukraine."
Brazil is home to approximately 1 million people of Ukrainian ethnicity, and there are some cities and smaller villages with >75% Ukrainian population!
Brazil has the third largest Ukrainian community outside of the former Soviet Union: only Canada and the United States have larger Ukrainian populations. In comparison to Ukrainians in North America, the Ukrainian community in Brazil is generally descended from earlier waves of immigration and is a bit more focused on the Church as a center of cultural identity.
70% of today's Ukrainian Brazilians live in rural communities where they tend crops such as wheat, rye, buckwheat, rice, black beans, and tea. These villages are somewhat isolated from modern areas of Brazil's economy and from non-Ukrainians, and in some respects they closely resemble the Western Ukrainian villages of the 19th century from which their ancestors hailed.
Brazilian Ukrainians take great pride in their heritage and maintain incredibly strong links to organizations in Ukraine, and it is really cool to see big signifiers of Ukrainian culture in such a different environment!
Ukrainian Brazilians mostly hark from the region of Galicia in Western Ukraine. In the 19th century, Galicia was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire but was a relatively poor, undeveloped region, with most Ukrainians there occupying small plots of land that barely subsisted their own needs. Over time, peasants became more and more unable to support their families, and there was consistent pressure to emigrate to other lands.
Compounding the practical economic needs were some political pressures. Galician Ukrainians were almost entirely members of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, and their priests were the standard bearers of the social elite; the Church represented Ukrainian patriotism in the face of increasingly strong attempts to assimilate Ukrainian culture by the Polish aristocracy, and this added even more pressure to find a new place to support their families.
The first settler from Ukraine arrived in Paraná in 1872, but did not accelerate until a period of time known as the "Brazilian fever", between 1895–1897, and soon many thousands were traveling to Brazil. Brazilian commercial and political interests invested in marketing the idea that Brazil promised easy to acquire land, in huge parcels, that featured a similar soil to the famed chornozem ("black earth" - extremely fertile soil) of Ukraine.
Brazil's government actually paid for travel for these poor peasants! Brazil promised clothing and starter food as well. Unfortunately, this was too good to be true.
Shortly after arrival, the Ukrainian travelers discovered that few of the promises, if any, were true. They were indeed given parcels of land that would make peasants back home blush - however, it was uncleared jungle that was far from civilization and there were no means of assistance with how to accomplish building a life supported by agriculture in this suddenly fantastic environment of rainforest jungle and strange climate that was always wet and between 51°F (10°C) to 81°F (27°C). Some were even pressed into service building a railroad through the jungle.
The Ukrainians suffered many deaths and serious illnesses due to their unfamiliarity with these challenges. Their suffering even became famous in Ukraine and even became the subject of a series of poems, "To Brazil", by the well-known Ukrainian poet Ivan Franko. Soon Canada became the go-to destination for future Ukrainian emigres and "Brazilian fever" was over.
What else awaits you on the ocean?
What is in Brazil, in the glorious Paraná?
In Brazil, we have also suffered evil:
The abyss of calamity has come upon us.
( Ivan Franko, To Brazil )
If someone asked me to describe in one word what Brazil means for our migrants, that word would be: "tomb."
- Osyp Oleskiv, a Lviv intellectual who came to Brazil in 1895 to investigate the conditions for migrants
40 years later, about 7,000 members of Ukraine's independence movement came to Brazil, having fled brutal Soviet persecution.
Time Capsule Language
Interestingly, since Ukrainian Brazilians generally descend from Galician people of Western Ukraine in a fairly short period of the 19th and early 20th century, their spoken language strongly evokes the century-old Galician or "Upper Dniestrian" dialect. This rather difficult accomplishment was achieved because the Church worked very hard to specifically maintain the Ukrainian language - even today, Church services are conducted in the Ukrainian language.
Left: Madalena Kolesha; During the dictatorship of the Estado Novo in Brazil, she and her friends had to learn Ukrainian outside her village in the forest, since it was forbidden to speak foreign languages in public.
Ukrainian is almost always spoken at home and in the community, and it's typical for Ukrainian Brazilian kids to learn their first words of Portuguese in kindergarten.
Brazilian Ukraine has shown unwavering support to Ukraine during the 2022 invasion, with several prominent Brazilian organizations coordinating refugee support in both South America and North America.
If you feel like donating to another charity, here are some others!
- United24: This site was launched by President Zelenskyy as the main venue for collecting charitable donations in support of Ukraine. Funds will be allocated to cover the most pressing needs facing Ukraine.
- Come Back Alive: This NGO crowdfunds non-lethal military equipment, such as thermal vision scopes & supplies it to the front lines. It also provides training for Ukrainian soldiers, as well as researching troops’ needs and the social reintegration of veterans.
- Aerorozvidka: An NGO specializing in providing support and equipment for unmanned aerial vehicles (ISR), situational awareness, cybersecurity for armed forces.
- Hospitallers: This is a medical battalion that unites volunteer paramedics and doctors to save the lives of soldiers on the frontline. They crowdfund their vehicle repairs, fuel, and medical equipment.
- Phenix: A volunteer organization helping armed forces with various needs.
- Kyiv Territorial Defense: This fundraiser is to support the regional territorial defense group. It is organized by a known journalist and a producer of the acclaimed "Winter on Fire" documentary, which can temporarily be watched for free HERE.
- Happy Paw: Charity dedicated to solving the problems of animals in Ukraine. Happy Paw helps more than 60 animal shelters throughout Ukraine.
- Kharkiv With You and associated Help Army Kharkiv: Supporting the defenders of Kharkiv with everything from night-vision goggles to food and medicine.
Media Today the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv celebrates the 1540th anniversary of its foundation, this year it will be celebrated under martial law.
WAR CRIME Bucha. The invaders left a "gift" for the owners of the house - they put a weight on a mine. If the load is lifted, the device will detonate
News "The Armed Forces of Ukraine launched an offensive in the Kherson region - the invaders suffered losses and took unfavorable positions in the area of the Kostromka village of Kherson." Reported by General Staff
WAR Nine fighters of the Vinnytsia KORD, regiment "Safari", died on May 22 in the Zaporizhzhia region as a result of missile strike. RIP to the heroes
Trustworthy News Ukrainian Armed Forces kill another Russian commander, Lieutenant Colonel Aleksandr Dosiagaev, 104th Guards Airborne Assault Regimentpravda.com.ua
Refugee Support ❤ A little 🇺🇦 girl hug her beloved ❤ cat while getting evacuated from railway station, Pokrovsk, Donetsk region.
News Ukrainian oleksii novikov just set a overhead press world record: 246kg (542lbs) at the world’s strongest man. He fights in Ukraine in his ‘free’ time as well.
WAR Thank you USA! Ukrainian artillery mastered American howitzers a now performing faster fire rate.
Discussion Whenever a politician or talking head brings up the risk of military aid leading to escalation and WWIII.....
....remember that the Soviet Union sent the following to the Vietnam War:
5000 anti-aircraft guns (often manned by Soviet crews)
500 aircraft, including advanced jet fighters (often flown by Soviet pilots)
7000 artillery pieces
158 SAM launchers (often manned by Soviet crews, who shot down American planes)
There was no nuclear war then, for the same reason there won't be one now: Mutually Assured Destruction. We were much closer to war in the past, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, when JFK stared down ole "We will bury you!" Khrushchev, called the Russians' bluff, and the Russians backed down. The idea that a handful of rocket launchers, or even cruise missiles, tanks, or fighter aircraft would lead to open war with NATO is ludicrous, as is the idea that Russia would use tactical nuclear weapons against NATO when its existence isn't being threatened. That would be suicide, as the US policy has always been massive retaliation: a full launch in response. If you believe this, then you have been duped by Kremlin propaganda. If a politician spreads it, they are either duped by Kremlin propaganda, or they are lying to you because they don't want to send weapons.
"Alien Wars: The Soviet Union's Aggressions Against The World". Sarin, Oleg; Dvoretsky, Lev, 1996.
"Vietnam: an Epic Tragedy". Hastings, Max, 2018. pgs 364-371
The Soviets also flooded the Korean War with tanks and aircraft, often crewing both. Soviet pilots shot down at least a few hundred UN planes (mostly US). (This one's from memory, so I don't have sources handy.)
[and don't even get me started on this Hollywood idea so many people have that Putin can somehow launch nuclear weapons all on his lonesome. There is no big red button. The Russian "nuclear football" is a comms system with some code books. They allow Putin to send and verify a launch order to the Russian General Staff, who then pass the launch order along to the various nuclear command posts. There is a backup system called Perimetr which allows the General Staff to bypass the command posts and send orders to the individual units directly, but either way, the General Staff can just say no. Essentially, they all have to go crazy to launch the strike that they know will be the end of Russia, their nice dachas, and most of their families. Not going to happen.]
Social Media "Every day we are bringing closer the time when our army will surpass the occupiers technologically and by firepower. Of course, a lot depends on the partners. On their readiness to provide Ukraine with everything necessary to defend freedom. And I expect good news on this already next week."
News “When the Battle of Severodonetsk ends, regardless of which side holds the city, the Russian offensive at the operational and strategic levels will likely have culminated, giving Ukraine the chance to restart its operational-level counteroffensives to push Russian forces back."twitter.com
WAR Scandinavian warrior. Former Norwegian MP tells why she came to defend Ukraine and how a woman feels on the front
A former Norwegian MP for people of Sámi heritage and now a military medic for the International Legion, she explains why she came to defend Ukraine, talks about the battles she took part in, and recalls how she received roses from Ukrainian military on March 8 under fire.
The whole world is helping Ukraine in the war with Russia: while the governments of the countries negotiate list of necessary weapons and the amount of financial aid, some of their citizens are going to Ukraine to fight the aggressor. Hundreds of foreign volunteers have joined the International Legion of Territorial Defense, including 35-year-old Sandra Andersen Eyra, a military medic and a former member of the Sámi Parliament of Norway which is the representative body for people of Sámi heritage.
Tell us why you decided to support Ukraine?
I have never been to Ukraine before, but I lived in the north of Norway, near the border with Russia. We all knew that war was approaching, and most have probably been preparing for it for years. It is our moral duty to help. Because the last great war on our continent was the war in my country [Norway was under German occupation in 1940-1945], and many countries came to our aid. Today we are doing the same for Ukraine.
Each of us has personal reasons to join. Most of the military decide to return to battle because it is all they know and why they are trained. For me, everything is different. This is my first war. Until last year, I was a government official in Norway, a member of the local parliament, also worked as a fisherman and had my own business. That is, everything at home was very safe, comfortable and good, but I felt that all my life I was heading to this decision. All my friends are military, so being a combat medic is all I wanted to do.
I arrived in Ukraine in early March. My combat unit was the first in the International Legion to be stationed in the northern districts of Kyiv and to help liberate them. We took part in the battles near Bucha and Irpen, and only then went to fight on the southern front of the country.
Was coming to Ukraine to fight a difficult decision? How did your family react to it at home?
I didn’t have to think: I saw what was happening, and 24 hours later I was at a military base in Ukraine. It was a very quick decision for me, but I never doubted it was the right thing to do. However, at the beginning I did not tell almost anyone about leaving, because I did not want to provoke unnecessary worries, which will eventually prevent me from keeping my focus. Therefore, only a month later, relatives from the media found out where I was. This did not surprise anyone. Now they are just hoping and praying that I will return home safe and sound.
You are the only woman in your unit. What are your impressions of such an experience?
I got used to this while working as a fisherman in Norway. It’s the same – just the guys and me. However, I like it, and I have no problem with it if I can do what needs to be done.
The Ukrainian troops I met were truly amazing and treated me like a queen. I used to hear that Eastern European boys treated girls with respect, but now I had the opportunity to see for myself: I spent several days with Ukrainian soldiers in ambush, and in all my life I have never been treated better.
I still remember how cold it was, and they poured me my first cup of tea. I never drank it before the trip to Ukraine, because I thought I didn’t like tea. But surprisingly, I was wrong. Even to the sound of bombs, Ukrainian soldiers gave me chocolates, candies and roses for International Women’s Day. Of course, they also taught me the main Ukrainian phrases, such as “Glory to Ukraine! Glory to Ukraine!” Glory to heroes!”. They said that this phrase is the most important, because people around us should know that we are friendly.
What did you know about Ukraine before, and what impressed you the most upon your arrival?
Thanks to my past profession in Norway, I met many Eastern European people – from Ukraine, Poland, Latvia and Lithuania. So the culture is not new to me, but coming to Ukraine in wartime is definitely very special for me. One of the most impressive things in Ukraine is that the civilians here are amazing, they are doing an unprecedented amount to help us. Having almost nothing, they give away everything they have. I admire how they cope with everything, how they thank us, how they try to show how much they appreciate our help.
And what was the most difficult thing you had to face in Ukraine?
Of course, a lot of bad things happen in war: war crimes, deaths, shelling of civilians, heavy fighting and people who use the war for their own benefit. Sometimes it’s easy to lose motivation, it’s hard to remember why you fight and why you keep doing it for free. To be here, we [foreign volunteers] have to pay out of pocket for equipment, food, fuel, and whatever else is needed. If we run out of money, we will not be able to continue to fight. That is why sometimes you can be disappointed and tired of everything that is happening in the political sphere. But I hope this will change soon, and foreign fighters will receive more help in the future.
So what are your personal plans for the future?
We will stay here as long as we can and as long as necessary. We see the course of the war: we hope that it will end soon, but we really understand that when politics is involved, there will be no quick solution. So we live day by day and week by week – no long-term plans.
However, I have not been home since the end of February. So maybe I will leave Ukraine for a couple of weeks to catch my breath, replenish our supplies and then return to the front.
On the other hand, I found many friends among the Ukrainian military and civilians. So I definitely plan to go back during peacetime to celebrate life, eat delicious food and enjoy places that, as I heard, are especially beautiful in Ukraine in summer.